East coast of Nth America from Nova Scotia to Florida.
Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, USA, November, 1999. PHOTO: Dr. Mary Rumpho.
Typical elysiid shape with large lateral parapodia which fold over to enclose the body. Usually bright green in colour but can sometimes be reddish or greyish, apparently depending on the amount of chlorophyll in the branches of the digestive gland which ramify throughout the body. As well as the green pigmentation from the digestive gland showing through, there are also small white spots scattered over the body and numerous, but smaller, red spots. It can grow to 45 mm in length but is usually no more than 20-30 mm.
It feeds by sucking the cell contents from the intertidal algae Vaucheria. It is become an important study animal from plant physiologists because, like many sacoglossans, it keeps chloroplasts from its food, alive and functioning its own body. See solar powered slugs Fact Sheet. It is found commonly in salt marshes, tidal marshes, pools and shallow creeks.
[NOTE: Originally listed in the Forum as Elysia sp. 7 ].
Bleakney, J.S. (1996) Sea Slugs of Atlantic Canada and the Gulf of Maine. The Nova Scotia Museum Field Guide Series. Nimbus Publishing & Nova Scotia Museum: Halifax, Nova Scotia. 216pp.
Gould, A.A. (1870). Report on the Invertebrata of Massachusetts. Second edition, comprising the mollusca. Edited by W.G. Binney. Boston, v(3) plus 524 pp., text figs. 350-754, coloured pls. 16-27 comprising figs. 214-349
Green, B.J., Li, W., Manhart, J.R., Fox, T.C., Summer, E.J., Kennedy, R.A., Pierce, S.K. & Rumpho, M.E. (2000). Mollusc-Algal Chloroplast Endosymbiosis. Photosynthesis, Thylakoid Protein Maintenance, and Chloroplast Gene Expression Continue for Many Months in the Absence of the Algal Nucleus. Plant Physiology, 124: 331-342.
West, H.H., Harrigan, J.F. & Pierce, S.K. (1984) Hybridization of two populations of a marine opisthobranch with different developmental patterns. The Veliger, 26(3) 199-206.
Rudman, W.B., 2005 (May 13) Elysia chlorotica Gould, 1870. [In] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from http://www.seaslugforum.net/factsheet/elyschlo
Lateral gene transfer between multicellular organisms
From: Bill Rudman, August 15, 2007
Elysia chlorotica "ghosts".
From: Skip Pierce, June 15, 2005
Elysia chlorotica from Martha's Vineyard, USA
From: skip pierce, May 14, 2005
From: Kathleen Archer, November 13, 2003
New Paper on Elysia chlorotica
From: Elizabeth J. Summer, September 22, 2000
Trouble finding Elysia chlorotica
From: Jack Teng, August 4, 2000
Re: Elysia chlorotica & mating chains
From: Kathe R. Jensen, May 18, 2000
Elysia chlorotica & mating chains
From: Liz Summer, May 17, 2000
Re: Elysia sp. 7 from Texas
From: Kathe R. Jensen, May 7, 2000
Solar-powered Elysia chlorotica
From: Liz Summer, February 26, 2000
Elysia from Texas
From: Cathy Porter, February 23, 2000