Favorinus ghanensis
Edmunds, 1968

Family: Glaucidae


Know only from Ghana. Reported here from Tunisia.


Lac de Tunis" [southern part], Tunis, Tunisia, North Africa. Depth: 0 to 1m. January - March, 2003. Among Ulva rigida. Photo: Jamila Ben Souissi? Anis?

Favorinus ghanensis was desribed as being translucent greyish white with a few white dots on the head oral tentacles, back and tail. The rhinophores have three swellings and the tip is translucent clear with white dots, the rest being purple-brown or maroon. The general appearance of the digestive gland duct in the cerata is purple-brown. Edmunds considers the species differs from all others in the genus by the presence of a penial stylet and from F. branchialis in other features of the reproductive system.

Edmunds (1974) notes that he has seen more than 250 specimens amongst fouling organisms on the bottom of small fishing boats. He considers that this species is consistently different externally, to both the eastern Atlantic Favorinus branchialis and the western Atlantic F. auritulus. He notes that the main fouling organism was the bryozoan Zoobotryon verticillatum, and he observed Favorinus eating the zooids on a number of occasions. Two species of the bryozoan genus Bugula were sometimes present, but Edmunds saw no sign of them being eaten by F. ghanensis.

The eastern Atlantic species, F. branchialis is usually described as having only one rhinophoral swelling, near the tip, but Ortea (1982), in a review of the species of Favorinus from the Atlantic, reports that specimens from northern Spain sometimes have three swellings. He also says that F. branchialis feeds on the bryozoans, Bugula fulva and Bugula fastigiata when eggs are scarce during winter. When feeding on Bugula the colour of the digestive gland in the cerata is 'violet brown'. I am not sure how to interpret this information. Perhaps bryozoan feeding is more widespread in the genus than we realise, or perhaps its means that F. ghanensis also occurs in northern Spain.

• Edmunds, M. (1968) Opisthobranchiate Mollusca from Ghana. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 38: 83-100.
• Edmunds, M. (1975) An eolid nudibranch feeding on Bryozoa. The Veliger, 17(3):, 269-270.
• Ortea, J.A. (1982) A new Favorinus (Nudibranchia: Aeolidoidea) from the Canary Islands. The Nautilus, 96(2): 45-48.

Authorship details
Rudman, W.B., 2003 (May 5) Favorinus ghanensis Edmunds, 1968. [In] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from http://www.seaslugforum.net/factsheet/favoghan

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  1. Favorinus ghanensis from Tunisia
    From: Jamila Ben Souissi, May 8, 2003

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