Placida kingstoni? from Florida

January 25, 2004
From: Julie A. Schwartz

Dear Dr. Rudman,
This slug crawled out of some Bryopsis that was collected from a rock substrate near the shore of Tampa Bay, Florida by Nick Curtis about one week ago. It is approximately 2 cm in length and has one pair of rhinophores. The cerata appear to pulsate, but not in any type of synchronized way. While handling him one of the cerata came off and a whitish liquid was released. The pictures were very difficult to get because the slug was quite active. Hopefully, they will show enough detail to be able to identify him.

Best Regards,
Julie A. Schwartz

Schwartz, J.A., 2004 (Jan 25) Placida kingstoni? from Florida. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

Dear Julie,
This is a sacoglossan sea slug. I am pretty sure it is Placida kingstoni, which was described from Jamaica, but has been reported from Florida by Kathe Jensen (1981) who studied its feeding on Bryopsis plumosa. She describes a strange behaviour in which the slug sucks the cell sap out of the algal filaments and then it returns back into the algal filament before being resucked into the slug again. This process can be repeated two or three times before eventually being pumped into the stomach. Tom Thompson (1977), in his original description of the species, notes that it pulsates its cerata as you describe. Many sacoglossans produce a white viscous secretion from skin glands when disturbed.

One point of interest I can see in your photo, which I have posted alongside, of the underside of the animal is the shape of the rhinophores. I can can clearly see that the basal half is enrolled, much like the rhinophores of Elysia, but the upper half of the rhinophores is a solid tapering tube. Thompson (1977) described exactly this type of rhinophore. One character of the genus Placida is that the rhinophores are enrolled, so I guess this species just squeaks in on this character. As far as I know yours are the first published photos of this species.
Best wishes
Bill Rudman

Rudman, W.B., 2004 (Jan 25). Comment on Placida kingstoni? from Florida by Julie A. Schwartz. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from


Placida kingstoni