Symbiosis among Phyllidia?

January 8, 2000
From: Mark Schoenbeck

Do any species of the genus Phyllidia form symbioses with algae? If not, which is the closest relative of P. pustulosa that does form a symbiosis?

Mark Schoenbeck

Schoenbeck, M., 2000 (Jan 8) Symbiosis among Phyllidia?. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

Dear Mark,
To my knowledge there are no dorid nudibranchs with an algal symbiosis. The closest relatives - and they are not very close - would be the aeolids and arminoideans I discuss on the "Solar-powered sea slugs" Page.

If you know of any dorids, or have suspicions about possible symbionts, I would like to hear about them.

Bill Rudman.

Rudman, W.B., 2000 (Jan 8). Comment on Symbiosis among Phyllidia? by Mark Schoenbeck. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

Related messages

  1. Tank/Phototaxis/Energy/Experiments
    From: Mihir Pathak, October 8, 2008
  2. Solar-powered Sea Slugs - tertiary endosymbiosis?
    From: Sam Hsieh, October 28, 2002
  3. 'Solar-powered' sea slugs
    From: Caroline R. Cripe, September 4, 2001
  4. sea slugs - plants or animals?
    From: Tom Mackillop, March 23, 2001
  5. Elysia and chloroplast symbiosis
    From: Daniel Barshis , August 4, 2000
  6. Review of sacoglossan - plastid symbiosis
    From: Liz Summer, May 17, 2000
  7. The solar-powered 'Ruffled Sea Slug'
    From: Molly E. Hagan, December 5, 1999
  8. Sea Slugs & symbiotic algae
    From: Jennifer Whittington, August 16, 1999
  9. Information on solar animals?
    From: Derek Carmona, March 10, 1999
  10. Solar-powered sacoglossans in Norway?
    From: Jussi Evertsen, March 9, 1999
  11. Photosynthetic Animals
    From: Michael Rhodin, December 16, 1998
  12. "Solar-powered" Sea Slugs
    From: Tammy, November 29, 1998
  13. Nudibranchs in Symbiosis with Zooxanthellae
    From: J.E. Austin, November 9, 1998
  14. Your "solar-powered" sea slugs.
    From: Amanda Lindsey, October 11, 1998
  15. Zooxanthellae in nudibranchs
    From: J.E.Austin, October 11, 1998

Show factsheet and all related messages