Re: Hamineobulla kawamurai?

February 9, 2000
From: Bill Rudman

By chance, I have just noted a reference to the radula and gizzard plates of Hamineobulla kawamurai. The authors suggest that this relates H. kawamurai to the Atyidae (Haminoeidae) but both the teeth and the gizzard plates look much more like Scaphander than Haminoea or Atys.

This doesn't help in identifying Atsushi Ono's animal, which I tentatively identified as this species, because we don't know anything about the anatomy of Atsushi's animal or the living animal of Hamineobulla kawamurai.

Best wishes,
Bill Rudman.

•Kitao, K. & Habe, T. (1982) Systematic positions of Hamineobulla kawamurai Habe, 1950 and Pseudophiline hayashii Habe, 1976 (Opisthobranchia). Venus, The Japanese Journal of Malacology, 41(1): 61-63.

Rudman, W.B., 2000 (Feb 9) Re: Hamineobulla kawamurai?. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

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