adult nudibranch dispersion

November 12, 1998
From: Jussi Evertsen

This message was originally sent to the Opisthobranch listserver at Steve Long's Opisthobranch webpage . As a reply Robert Bolland suggested that I send my message to the the seaslug forum as well. He has "seen the same thing with Berthella martensi, as well as in several other 'branchs on Okinawa".
So here it is:

I have a question about nudibranchiate dispersion based on many observations when diving and collecting nudibranchs here in the coastline of middle Norway (the Trondheimsfjord and Hitra and Fr√łya).

Is there any information about adult specimens dispersing by "planktonic behaviour"?

I have on many occasions observed Polycera quadrilineata drifting by when ascending from a dive. This species I have only seen doing this in the autumn and wintertime (from september/november to january/february). It seemed like they where drifting up-side down. When disturbing their floating around they would in many cases "fall down" towards the bottom, but only when disturbing the part pointing to the surface. It could seem like they had a mucous string from which they were hanging from. This behaviour has puzzled me a lot, since I have not yet read about this kind of thing with nudibranchs. I could in many cases also observe other bottom dwelling gastropods like Lacuna sp. also floating by.

Jussi Evertsen

MSc stud
Trondhjem Biological Station,
Department of Natural History,
Norwegian University of
Science and Technology,
N-7034 Trondheim
tlf: +47 73 59 14 89
fax: +47 73 59 15 97

Evertsen, J., 1998 (Nov 12) adult nudibranch dispersion. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

Dear Jussi,
Apart from dislodged animals, and chromodorids that have been mouthed and rejected by fish, being moved around in currents I don't recall any observations like yours. Has anyone else got observations to add? .. Bill Rudman

Rudman, W.B., 1998 (Nov 12). Comment on adult nudibranch dispersion by Jussi Evertsen. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from


Adult dispersal

Related messages

  1. More on adult nudibranch dispersal
    From: Brian Penney, February 8, 2003
  2. Re: adult nudibranch dispersion
    From: Jussi Evertsen, January 7, 1999
  3. Re: adult dispersion /drifting Stylocheilus
    From: Cory Pittman, December 29, 1998

Show factsheet and all related messages