Overview of Aplysia reproduction

December 30, 2000
From: Moira Rankin

Hi! I'm writing a paper on the physiological control of Aplysia reproduction. I'm finding lots of info on the various aspects but I'm having trouble tying it all together. Could you please tell me the connections between Egg laying hormone, the pheromones involved, bag cells and the nervous system in reproduction? I know that seems like a hell of a lot but any help would be appreciated!!!
Moira Rankin


Rankin, M., 2000 (Dec 30) Overview of Aplysia reproduction. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from http://www.seaslugforum.net/find/3300

Dear Moira,
When you say you are writing a paper does that mean you are going to publish a research paper or is this for a university assignment?

Normally I would offer to help but I have a huge backlog of questions on the Forum so am reluctant to spend time on someone else's research. Here are a few references worth looking at

• Audesirk, TE (1979) A field study of growth and reproduction in Aplysia californica. Biol. Bull. 157(3): 407-421.
• Bebbington, A., Thompson, TE. (1969) Reproduction in Aplysia (Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia). Malacologia, 9(1): 253.
• Dudek, FE., Soutar, B., Tobe,S S. (1980) Reproduction in Aplysia californica: correlations between egg laying in vivo and egg release in vitro. Can. J. Zool., 58(11): 2163-2166.
• Painter, SD., Chong,MG., Wong,MA., Gray,A., Cormier,JG., Nagle,GT. (1991) Relative contributions of the egg layer and egg cordon to pheromonal attraction and the induction of mating and egg-laying behaviour in Aplysia. Biol. Bull., 181: 81-94.
• Switzer-Dunlap, M., Hadfield, MG., (1979) Reproductive patterns of Hawaiian Aplysiid gastropods. In: Reproductive Ecology of Marine Invertebrates, Belle W. Baruch Library in Marine Science, No 9. (Ed: Stancyk,SE),, 199-210.
• Thompson, TE., Bebbington, A. (1969) Structure and function of the reproductive organs of three species of Aplysia (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia). Malacologia, 7(2-3): 347-380.
• Susswein, AJ., Markovitch, S., Achituv, Y. (1993) Asymmetry of male and female mating in mixed-species groups of Aplysia fasciata Poiret and Aplysia brasiliana Rang (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Isr. J. Zool., 39: 213-229.
• Yusa, Y (1996) The effects of body size on mating features in a field population of the hermaphroditic sea hare Aplysia kurodai Baba, 1937 (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia). J. Moll. Stud., 62: 381-386.

It would also be worth looking at Kandel's two books for a general overview and the place of the nervous system in reproduction.
Best wishes,
Bill Rudman

Rudman, W.B., 2000 (Dec 30). Comment on Overview of Aplysia reproduction by Moira Rankin. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from http://www.seaslugforum.net/find/3300

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