Arctic Pteropods

May 27, 1999
From: Eva Philipp

I am studying arctic pteropods in a fjord at Svalbard. I´m interested in information about arctic pteropods in general and about their behavior, if they have a vertical migration or not. I´m specially interested about the species Clione limacina and Spiratella helicina.
Thank you for any information

Eva Philipp

Philipp, E., 1999 (May 27) Arctic Pteropods. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

Dear Eva,
Arctic pteropods are outside my area of expertise. Hopefully someone may read this and offer some help. Two books, you are probably familiar with have loads of information on the subject and Lalli & Gilmer have wonderful information and photos of the living animals.

Lalli, C.M. & Gilmer, R.W. (1989) Pelagic Snails. The biology of holoplanktonic gastropod molluscs. Stanford University Press: Stanford, California.

van der Spoel, S. (1967) Euthecosomata. a group with remarkable developmental stages (Gastropoda, Pteropoda). J.Noorduijn en Zoon N.V.: Gorinchem, Netherlands.

Could you clarify which Svalbard you are talking about. Is it a synonym for Spitsbergen? I also have found places in Iceland and Norway with similar names. Do you travel there for regular sampling or are you planning a long stay? What happens during the winter months?

If anyone has photos of living pteropods they would fill an obvious blank page in the Forum.

Best wishes,
Bill Rudman.

Rudman, W.B., 1999 (May 27). Comment on Arctic Pteropods by Eva Philipp. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from



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