(Alder & Hancock, 1845)
Atlantic coast of Europe [Mediterranean, British Isles, Holland].
Upper: South Gortein, Loch Fyne, 15 m, Scotland, Atlantic Ocean, 30 April 2006, Rocky reef. Length: 15 mm. Photographer: Jim Anderson. Lower:The Netherlands. Photo: Peter H. van Bragt
Like many species of the genus, Cuthona amoena is a small and rather cryptic species. It aparently feeds exclusively on the hydroid Halecium halecinum on which it is usually found. It is translucent, if not transparent, with the viscera and brownish digestive gland showing through the body wall. The back of the body and the cerata are covered in scattered gold or yellowish-white pigment specks, more abundant in some animals than others. The specks are particularly concentrated at the tips of the head tentacles and cerata. There is a brown band about midway down each rhinophore, and around each oral tentacle and often there is brown pigmentation at the base of the cerata. It reaches a maximum of about 12 mm in length.
Another species, Cuthona rubescens, feeds on the same common hydroid and looks very similar in colour and shape. The most distinctive external difference is that it does not have a brown band in the middle of the oral tentacles.
- Picton, B. E. and Morrow, C. C. (1994) A Field Guide to the Nudibranchs of the British Isles. London, Immel Publishing Ltd. 143pp.
Thompson, T.E. & Brown, G.H. 1984. Biology of Opisthobranch Molluscs, Volume II.
Rudman, W.B., 2006 (May 8) Cuthona amoena (Alder & Hancock, 1845). [In] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from http://www.seaslugforum.net/factsheet/cuthamoe
Re: Facelina dubia from Turkey
From: Greg Brown, November 18, 2008
Facelina dubia from Turkey
From: Tunca Rodoplu, November 10, 2008
Cuthona amoena from Scotland
From: Jim Anderson, May 9, 2006
Cuthona amoena from the Netherlands
From: Peter H. van Bragt, October 4, 2002