Philine orientalis?
A. Adams, 1854

Family: Philinidae


This species was originally described from "Eastern Seas" and later by Watson (1886) from the Philippines. Subsequently it has been reported by various authors from Japan, and recently from Hong Kong.


Shell and gizzard plates from Tolo Channel, Hong Kong, 10m, April 1989. (Voucher specimen from Morton & Chiu, 1990). PHOTOS: Bill Rudman.


Philine orientalis? from California

It is difficult to be sure from the short unillustrated original description just what Philine orientalis is. This animal from Hong Kong is possibly Philine orientalis A.Adams but until more information is available on the anatomy and shell variation of species of Philine from the north-western Pacific region, a firm identification is impossible.

• Adams, A. (1854) Descriptions of some new species of Lophocercidae and Philinidae, from the Cumingian Collection. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, 22: 94-95.

Authorship details
Rudman, W.B., 1998 (August 5) Philine orientalis? A. Adams, 1854. [In] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

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