Rhodope veranii
Kolliker, 1847

Family: Rhodopidae




Near Rovinj ?(introduced into aquarium). Croatia. Adriatic Sea. Length: 6 mm. [Probably in 1985] between green algae, probably shallow subtidal. Photographer: Maria Mizzarro-Wimmer (Univ. Vienna)

The family Rhodopidae are one of the few molluscan groups for which we have no clear idea of their phylogenetic relationships. Have a look at the Rhodopemorpha Fact Sheet for further background information.

This Mediterranean species, Rhodope veranii, is the most studied species with studies on its biology and anatomy. It is found subtidally amongst stones and Ulva, and lays between 6-30 relatively large eggs which have direct development. At present, species are distinguished by their colour pattern.

  • Arnaud, P. M., Poizat, C., and Salvini-Plawen, L. v. (1986). Marine interstitial Gastropoda (including one freshwater interstitial species) . [In] Stygofauna Mundi. A faunistic, distributional, and ecological synthesis of the world fauna inhabiting subterranean waters (including the marine interstitial). (Ed L. Botosaneanu.) pp. 153-173.  (E. J. Brill.: Leiden.)
  • Bergh, L. S. R. (1882) Uber die Gattung Rhodope. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 5: 550-554.
  • Bohmig, l. (1893) Zur feineren Anatomie von Rhodope veranii Kolliker. Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 56: 40-116, pls. 3-6.
  • Graff, L. v. (1882) Uber Rhodope veranii Kolliker (=Sidonia elegans M. Schultze). Morphologisches Jahrbuch, 8: 73-84, pl. 2.
  • Haszprunar, G. and Hess, M. (2005) A new Rhodope from the Roscoff area (Bretagne), with a review of Rhodope species (Gastropoda: Nudibranchia?). Spixiana, 28: 193-197.
  • Karling, T. G. (1966) Rhodope veranyi (Gastropoda, Euthyneura) von der norwegischen Kuste. Sarsia, 24: 33-35.
  • Kolliker, A. (1847) Rhodope nuovo genere di gasteropodi. Giornale dell I. R. Istituto Lombardo di Scienze, lettere ed Arti e Biblioteca Italiana, 16: 239-249, 1 pl.
  • Oberzeller, E. (1969) Die Verwarstschaftbeziehungen der Rhodope veranii Kolliker zu den Oncidiidae, Vaginulidae und Rathouisiidae in bezug auf das Nervensystem. Malacologia, 9: 282-283.
  • Riedel, R. (1959) Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Rhodope veranii, Teil I. Geschichte und Biologie.  Zoologischer Anzeiger, 163: 107-122.
  • Reidel, R. (1960) Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Rhodope veranii. 2. Entwicklung . Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 163: 237-316.
  • Trinchese, S. (1887)  Nuove osservazioni sulla Rhodope veranii (Kolliker). Rendiconto dell' Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Mathematiche, Sezione della Societa Reale di Napoli, series 2,  1: 131-137.
Authorship details
Rudman, W.B., 2005 (November 19) Rhodope veranii Kolliker, 1847. [In] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from http://www.seaslugforum.net/factsheet/rhodvera

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  1. First colour photos of Rhodope species
    From: Gerhard Haszprunar, November 21, 2005

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