Melibe leonina

Here are some major references to the biology, natural history and anatomy of Melibe leonina. Please let me know of any other relevant references.

  • Ajeska, R A. & Nybakken, J (1976) Contributions to the biology of Melibe leonina (Gould, 1852). The Veliger, 19(1): 19-26.
  • Ayer, S.W. & Andersen, R.J. (1983) Degraded monoterpenes from the opisthobranch mollusc Melibe leonina. Exper. 39(3): 255-256.
  •  Bickell, L.R. & Kempf, S.C. (1983) Larval and metamorphic morphogenesis in the nudibranch Melibe leonina (Mollusca: Opisthobranchia). Biological Bulletin, 165: 119-138.
  • Bickell-Page, L. R. (1989) Autotomy of cerata by the nudibranch Melibe leonina (Mollusca): ultrastructure of the autotomy plane and neural plane and neural correlate of the behaviour. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B, 324: 149-172.
  •  Drafahl, J. & Drafahl, S. (1982) The magnificent Melibe. Skin Diver Magazine, 31(1): 18.
  • Gosliner, T.M. (1987) Review of the nudibranch genus Melibe (Opisthobranchia: Dendronotacea) with descriptions of two new species. The Veliger, 29(4): 400-414.
  • Hurst, A. (1968) The feeding mechanism and behaviour of the opisthobranch Melibe leonina. In: Studies in the Structure, Physiology and Ecology of Molluscs. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, No. 22. (Ed: Fretter,V) Academic Press, London, 151-166.
  • Larson, K (1984) Lions of the algal jungle. Nature Canada, 13(3): 11-15.
  • Page, L R. (1992) New interpretation of a nudibranch central nervous system based on ultrastructural analysis of neurodevelopment in Melibe leonina. I. Cerebral and visceral loop ganglia. II. Pedal, pleural and labial ganglia. Biological Bulletin, 182(3): 366-381.
  • Watson, W.H. & Chester, C.M. (1993) The influence of olfactory and tactile stimuli on the feeding behaviour of Melibe leonina (Gould, 1852) (Opisthobranchia: Dendronotacea). The Veliger, 36(4): 311-316.
Authorship details
Rudman, W.B., 2000 (September 3) Melibe leonina . [In] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from