Fryeria marindica from Japan?

October 28, 2000
From: Atsushi Ono

Dear Bill,
Thank you for a comment on Phyllidia exquisita.

I have attached an animal that is a similar to Fryeria marindica. But F. marindica is supposed to be an Indian Ocean species.
This animal was 30mm in length, found at 25m depth, at Kerama Is. in Japan.

I cannot find an anus on its back. Is this P. menindie or P. marindica?

Atsushi Ono

Ono, A., 2000 (Oct 28) Fryeria marindica from Japan?. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

Dear Atsushi,
It certainly looks like F. marindica. I suspect we still have a lot to learn about the phyllidiids. Perhaps your find is indicating that F. marindica is not restricted to the Indian Ocean. At this stage I think it is best to call it Fryeria cf. marindica to indicate there is a slight doubt. It certainly does not fit the 'Pacific' species as defined by Brunckhorst.

You will notice I quite often use 'cf' when I am not sure of a name. It is an abbreviation for a Latin word meaning 'refer to' or 'close to' and is a nice way to signal we have a problem with an identification.
Best wishes,
Bill Rudman.


Fryeria marindica

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