Bacterial/archaeal symbionts

March 13, 2001
From: Elissa Murphy

I am currently working in a microbial ecology lab while in graduate school at Northeastern University in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. I am currently trying to figure out the direction of my masters project and was wondering if anyone has ever documented the presence of either bacterial or archaeal endo- or ectosymbionts on any species of sea slug?

Any information you could provide would be helpful.
Thank you.
Elissa Murphy

Murphy, E., 2001 (Mar 13) Bacterial/archaeal symbionts. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

Dear Elissa,
Have a look at the Bacteria in Dendrodoris Page by Annette Klussmann-Kolb & Gilianne Brodie. I think that find of bacteria in Dendrodoris nigra was the first report of a bacterial symbiont amongst the opisthobranchs.

If in your searching you find some other references to bacterial or archaeal endo- or ectosymbionts, I would be grateful if you let me know so I could add them to the Forum
Best wishes,
Bill Rudman

Rudman, W.B., 2001 (Mar 13). Comment on Bacterial/archaeal symbionts by Elissa Murphy. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

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