Slugs and Microbes

June 5, 1999
From: Daniel Vega Mendoza

I am Daniel ,
I am interested in the diverse ways that microorganisms interact (commensalism, synergism, symbiosis etc) especially those related to human health and the production of secondary metabolites.

Email me

Daniel Vega Mendoza

Mendoza, D.V., 1999 (Jun 5) Slugs and Microbes. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

Dear Daniel,
I am not sure if you are interested in interactions between different micro-organisms or between micro-organisms and other animals such as Sea Slugs. I am not an expert on micro-organisms so I can't really help in the first area. If you are interested in the second area then I guess there are a number of pages in the Forum which may interest you.

Have a look at 'Solar-powered' Sea Slugs for information on nudibranchs with symbiotic relationships with unicellular zooxanthellae, and sacoglossans that retain living organelles, such as plant plastids, in their tissues.

Have a look at the pages which describe the specialised cnidosacs, at the tip of aeolid cerata. The cnidosacs contain nematocyts, which are stinging organelles removed intact and functional from cnidarians.

Another area of interest are the defensive chemicals retained by many Sea Slugs from their food. These are often secondary metabolites. Have a look at Sea Slug Defence page and in particular the page on Chemical Defence which is a list of relevant publications.

Also have a look at the top of this page, which is a general page on symbiosis and commensalism. I hope this is of some use to you,
Best wishes,
Bill Rudman.

Rudman, W.B., 1999 (Jun 5). Comment on Slugs and Microbes by Daniel Vega Mendoza. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

Related messages

  1. Re: Another goby on nudibranch
    From: Andy Eastwood, February 11, 2009
  2. Amphipod crustacean mimic (Southern California)
    From: Matt Segal, February 4, 2006
  3. Ceratosoma with Periclimenes imperator
    From: Corby James, September 17, 2005
  4. Commensalism in Californian nudibranchs
    From: James Lyle & Leslie Harris, July 30, 2005
  5. Amphipod commensal on Tritonia festiva
    From: James Lyle & Leslie Harris, July 30, 2005
  6. Another commensal scaleworm
    From: James Lyle & Leslie Harris, July 30, 2005
  7. Re: Another goby on nudibranch
    From: Bill Rudman, July 11, 2005
  8. Another goby on nudibranch
    From: Jerry Allen, July 5, 2005
  9. Commensal fish on Ceratosoma trilobatum
    From: John Weinberg, June 27, 2005
  10. Chromodoris coi with copepod
    From: Fredy Brauchli, March 22, 2004
  11. Mystery mark on Risbecia pulchella
    From: Stephanie Maleady, January 25, 2004
  12. It's a puzzle
    From: Mary Jane Adams, May 10, 2002
  13. Symbiotic stress
    From: Ali, April 10, 2002
  14. Ceratosoma trilobatum with commensal shrimp
    From: Mary Jane Adams, September 21, 2001
  15. Mutualism and symbiosis
    From: Lindsay Jennings, January 24, 2001
  16. Examples of Symbiosis
    From: Sutha, August 23, 2000
  17. Commensalistic Symbiosis
    From: Josh Williamsen, March 24, 2000
  18. Examples of endoecism
    From: Sonia, December 9, 1999
  19. Nudibranch with commensal shrimp
    From: Erik Schloegl, November 14, 1999
  20. Information about commensalism
    From: Kara Hailey, February 20, 1999
  21. Commensalism
    From: Kerry, January 18, 1999
  22. Parasite and Mutualistic relationships
    From: Tammy Pearson, November 21, 1998
  23. "Commensalistic symbiosis"
    From: Laura, October 30, 1998
  24. symbiosis
    From: unidentified enquirer, October 25, 1998
  25. Symbiosis and commensalism
    From: , March 28, 1998

Show factsheet and all related messages