Philine aperta

October 9, 1998
From: C. Duffy

This is really an appeal for help. I'm just starting my honours project on the ecology of Philine aperta. Information or photos on the beast would be gratefully received.
Thankyou in anticipation.
Chris Duffy.

Duffy, C., 1998 (Oct 9) Philine aperta. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

Dear Chris,
Tom Thompson's Biology of Opisthobranch Molluscs, Vol.1 published by the Ray Society, 1976, covers most of the relevant literature up until then. There has been some later work on anatomy and phylogeny since then but here are a couple on general biology and ecology that I know of.

Hansen, B. 1991. Feeding Behaviour in Larvae of the Opisthobranch Philine aperta. 2. Food Size Spectra and Particle Selectivity in Relation to Larval Behaviour and Morphology of the Velar Structures. Marine Biology 111(2):263-270.

Lancaster, S.M. 1983. The biology and reproductive ecology of Philine aperta (Opisthobranchia: Bullomorpha) in Oxwich Bay. J Moll Stud, Suppl 12A: 82-88.

If anyone does know of anything else, please let us know... Bill Rudman.

Rudman, W.B., 1998 (Oct 9). Comment on Philine aperta by C. Duffy. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from


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