Homonomy of Doris luteola Kelaart, 1858

February 3, 2003
From: Michael Schroedl

Dear Bill,
I'd like to contribute the following matter for discussion.
All the best,
Michael Schroedl

Doris luteola Kelaart, 1858, a junior homonym of Doris luteola Couthouy in Gould, 1852

The nudibranch Doris luteola Kelaart, 1858 from the western Indian Ocean, currently placed into the genus Taringa (see Gosliner & Behrens, 1998), is a primary homonym of the Chilean Doris luteola Couthouy in Gould, 1852 (see Gould, 1852). Even though the latter species was considered to be a dubious species by Marcus (1959) and regarded to be not appropriate for reidentification (i.e. a nomen dubium) in a recent revision (Schrödl, 2000), Doris luteola Couthouy in Gould, 1852 was mentioned in several taxonomic lists e.g. by Carcelles (1950) and Carcelles & Williamson (1951; misspelled as Doris lucteola Gould, 1852), and Valdovinos (1995; as Doris luteola Gould, 1852). Thus, the junior name Doris luteola Kelaart, 1858 must be rejected. According to Article 60.2 of the Code (I.C.Z.N., 1999), it is proposed to replace Doris luteola Kelaart, 1858 by its junior synonym Thordisa caudata Farran, 1905 (see Farran, 1905; for synonymization see Eliot, 1906; Gosliner & Behrens, 1998).

• GOSLINER,T.M. & D.W. BEHRENS. 1998. Two new discodorid nudibranchs from the western Pacific with a redescription of Doris luteola Kelaart, 1858. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 50: 279-293.
• CARCELLES, A.R. 1950. Catálogo de los moluscos marinos de la Patagonia. Anales Museo de Nahuel Huapi, 2: 41-99, pls.1-6.
• CARCELLES, A.R. & S.I. WILLIAMSON. 1951. Catálogo de los moluscos marinos de la Provincia Magallánica. Revista del Instituto Nacional de Investigación de Ciencias Naturales, (Ci. Zool.) Buenos Aires 2: 225-383.
• ELIOT, C.N.E. 1906. On the nudibranchs of southern India and Ceylon, with special reference to the drawings by Kelaart and the collections belonging to Alder and Hancock preserved in the Hancock Museum at Newcastle-on-Tyne. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, for 1906: 636-691.
• FARRAN, G.P. 1905. Report on the opisthobranchiate Mollusca collected by Professor Herdman, at Ceylon, in 1902. Pp. 329-364 in: Report to the government of Ceylon on the pearl oyster fisheries of the Gulf of Manaar 3, Suppl. Rept. No. 21 (W.A. Herdman, ed.). Royal Society, London.
• GOULD, A.A. 1852. United States exploring expedition during the years 1838-1842. Mollusca and Shells. U.S. Exploring Expedition, 12: i-xv, 1-510; 1852, with an Atlas of plates, 1856.
INTERNATIONAL CODE OF ZOOLOGICAL NOMENCLATURE (I.C.Z.N.) 1999. Fourth Edition. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, The Natural History Museum, London. 305 pp.
• MARCUS, Er. 1959. Lamellariacea und Opisthobranchia. Reports of the Lund University Chile Expedition 1948-49, No. 36. Lunds Universitets Arsskrift, N. F. (2), 55: 1-133, figs. 1-196.
• SCHROEDL, M. 2000. Revision of dorid Nudibranchia collected during the French Cape Horn Expedition in 1882-1883, with discussion of the genus Geitodoris Bergh, 1891. The Veliger, 43: 197-209.
• VALDOVINOS, C. 1995. Molluscs of Chile: general taxonomic list. Comunicaciones del Museo de Historia Natural de Concepción, 9: 7-37.

Comments and suggestions are highly welcome.
Michael Schroedl


Schroedl, M., 2003 (Feb 3) Homonomy of Doris luteola Kelaart, 1858. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from http://www.seaslugforum.net/find/9092

Thanks Michael,
Apart from welcoming comments on the nomenclatural question you raise, I would also welcome comments om whether it is appropriate to publish messages such as this on the Forum. I know that there are a number of my colleagues who seem to think that websites are a highly inappropriate place for nomenclatural discussions such as this - and I have received a number of highly intemperate communications to that effect over the last few years. My feeling is that the Sea Slug Forum is a highly appropriate place for such discussions. While I would not post descriptions of new taxa on the Forum, I would certainly feel discussions on misidentifications, homonyms etc are better discussed on the Forum, with over 1000 visitors a day, than in some obscure publication, which is unknown or unavailable to most of us, but is considered 'appropriate' simply because it is printed on paper.

A photo of the two 'Doris luteola' would be nice.
Best wishes,
Bill Rudman

Rudman, W.B., 2003 (Feb 3). Comment on Homonomy of Doris luteola Kelaart, 1858 by Michael Schroedl. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from http://www.seaslugforum.net/find/9092


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