Re: self-fertilization

February 22, 2002
From: Cynthia Trowbridge

Hi Bill,
Regarding your comment on self-fertilization, there is a classic paper by Kawaguti and Yamasu (1961) suggesting self-fertilization in the bivalved sacoglossan Berthelinia limax. The authors isolated sacoglossans "just after they had thrown away their [larval] velar cilia"(p. 215). It would be very interesting to use molecular methods to see the extent to which populations of these slugs are inbred. A great PhD project for someone....

• Kawaguti, S. & Yamasu, T. 1961. Self-fertilization in the bivalved gastropod with special references to the reproductive organs. Biol. J. Okayama, 7: 213-224.

Oregon State University

Trowbridge, C., 2002 (Feb 22) Re: self-fertilization. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

Dear Cynthia,
Thanks for reminding about this paper.
For those of you confused with names see my earlier comments on whether we should use Berthelinia, Tamanovalva or for that matter Endenttellina.
Bill Rudman

Rudman, W.B., 2002 (Feb 22). Comment on Re: self-fertilization by Cynthia Trowbridge. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from