Fryeria menindie from Sulawesi

April 7, 2001
From: Lindsay Warren

Dear Bill
The attached phyllidiid (OS0649) does not seem to fit descriptions I have been able to read and wonder whether you might be able to shed some light on it. I thought it might be Fryeria menindie but am not convinced. I found it on 27 August 1999 on Pulau Kaledupa, Tukang Besi Archipelago, SE Sulawesi at a depth of 20 ft on encrusting sponge. Size: 26 mm. [Operation Wallacea]
Interestingly enough there are two copepods with egg sacks on the notum - one just behind the right rhinophore and the other half way down the notum. At the time we did not know the importance of checking ventral features and no information on this was kept and sadly we did not preserve it. We have found other specimens of 'regular' Fryeria menindie. Photo: Lindsay

Perhaps it will have to remain a mystery until we can find further specimens. Looking forward to your comments.
All the best

Warren, L., 2001 (Apr 7) Fryeria menindie from Sulawesi. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

NOTE added 14 July 2006: Fryeria menindie (Brunckhorst, 1993) was shown by Yonow, 1996 to be a junior synonym of Fryeria picta Pruvot-Fol. Animals previously identified as F. menindie on the Forum have been moved to Fryeria picta.

Dear Lindsay,
It certainly looks like F. menindie but the hint of a broken ridge down the midline is very similar to F. marindica.

Without further information there's not much more I can say
Best wishes,
Bill Rudman

Rudman, W.B., 2001 (Apr 7). Comment on Fryeria menindie from Sulawesi by Lindsay Warren. [Message in] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from


Fryeria picta

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